What is Gait Analysis
and why is it important to know your Gait Cycle?

The gait cycle describes the way we run. It describes the motion from when one foot makes contact with the ground to when the same foot contacts the ground again. It is broken into two phases: the stance phase and the swing phase. Having your gait analysed helps to make sure you are choosing the correct running shoes.

 

Levels of Pronation

Pronation is the natural side to side movement of the foot. There are three defined levels of pronation that runners and non-runners sit within. We can get an idea of what may happen when we run from a standing observation below or the mid stance phase of the run.

(Visual below is a rear view of the left foot)

 
Overpronation

Under Pronation /
Supination

Excessive outward
rotation of the knee,
ankle and foot at
mid stance.

Neutral

Neutral / Pronation
Knee, ankle and foot
all aligned at
mid-stance with no
excessive inward or
outward rotation.

Supernation

Over Pronation
Excessive inward
rotation of the knee,
ankle and foot at
mid stance.

Under Pronation /
Supination

Excessive outward
rotation of the knee,
ankle and foot at
mid stance.

Neutral / Pronation
Knee, ankle and foot
all aligned at
mid-stance with no
excessive inward or
outward rotation.

Over Pronation
Excessive inward
rotation of the knee,
ankle and foot at
mid stance.

 

How to determine your pronation level

On your last pair of running shoes, the direction of the wear on the rubber outsole can help give an indication of pronation level.

 
Overpronation

Under Pronation /
Supination

The lateral side of
the rubber will
show greater wear
than the medial side.

Neutral

Neutral / Pronation
There will be an
even level of wear
on the rubber
outsole both at the
rear, front, medial
and lateral sides.

Supernation

Over Pronation
The lateral rear side
of the rubber and
the medial front side
of the rubber will
show higher levels
of wear.

Under Pronation /
Supination

The lateral side of
the rubber will
show greater wear
than the medial side.

Neutral / Pronation
There will be an
even level of wear
on the rubber
outsole both at the
rear, front, medial
and lateral sides.

Over Pronation
The lateral rear side
of the rubber and
the medial front side
of the rubber will
show higher levels
of wear.


For every runner this can change over time based on a wide range of factors, so it is important to seek advice and get your gait analysed with every running shoe purchase.

 
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